9 Agreements Secured, Sudan Rejects Agreement on Abyei and Borders
On September 27, 2012, in a historic development, the Republic of South Sudan signed 9 bilateral agreements with the Republic of Sudan: creating a safe demilitarized buffer zone between our two countries, finalizing an agreement that facilitates the resumption of oil production in South Sudan and its transport through pipelines to Port Sudan and confirming an arrangement for the payment of post-service benefits for pensioners in both countries.
The AUHIP's official summary of the agreement framed the negotiations in their broader context: the Post-Referendum Arrangements negotiations provided for in section 67 of the 2009 Southern Sudan Referendum Act; the June 2010 Mekelle Memorandum of Understanding between the parties and of course the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement itself.
At the ceremony where he signed these agreements, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir described the moment as a "great day in the history of the region." The agreement has met with widespread international support from the UN, the Sudan-South Sudan Consultative Forum, the European Union, the US government, the South African government, and the Elders.
However, in spite the Republic of South Sudan's acceptance of the AUHIP's compromise proposal on both Abyei and the disptued and claimed territories along the border, the Republic of Sudan refused to make any concessions in its positions on these issues. Consequently, it was impossible to achieve any agreement on these topics.
As President Kiir shared, "it is very unfortunate that we could not agree," he said. "My government and I accepted unconditionally the proposal of the AUHIP . Unfortunately my brother Bashir and his government totally rejected the proposal [on Abyei] in its totality."
The Republic of South Sudan put forward a comprehensive proposal on all of these issues on July 22, 2012, including Abyei, the disputed areas and the claimed areas. Since then, the RSS negotiation team has engaged actively in negotiations and responded to the AUHIP compromise proposals affirmatively.
September 27, 2012 Bilateral Agreements